The island is situated in the north eastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. It is about 40 miles from the south coast of Turkey (which can be seen on a clear day) and 60 miles from Syria to the east and 250 miles north of Egypt to the South.
The most important features of the island are the two mountain ranges separated by the wide and fertile Mesarya plain. Mesarya means 'land between the mountains'. The Northern range is known as the Kyrenia Range or the Five Finger contains (so named after a fist shaped mountain said to be the fist of Alexandra the Great).The southern range is called the Trodos Mountains. The Kyrenia Mountain Range is about 80 miles long and is a narrow range running parallel to the coast.It occupies about 100 square miles and is composed predominantly of limestone, dolomite and marble. The average height is over 2000 ft, at the highest peak known as Kyparissovouno (Selvili Tepe) above Lapta with an elevation of 3,557 ft. In spite of the great fire of 2003, the mountains remain green with amongst others a covering of olive, fir and carob trees.
Turkish is the principal language, but English is widely spoken and understood.
Cyprus time is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and one hour ahead if Central European Time.
Most hotel receptions, major shops and restaurants readily accept foreign currency especially Sterling and Euro. The exchange rate fluctuates so it's best to check the rate before you change your cash (current rates are displayed in newspapers and banks). We recommend that you do not change all your money at once. Our banks are always busy and full of queues, you may prefer to use one of the many Exchange Bureaus and of course there are many ATM machines to choose from. ATM machines pay out in TL. (Turkish Lira).
The majority of banks are open from 08:00 to 15:30 Monday to Friday. Exchange Bureaus are open from 09:30 to 18:00 Monday to Saturday.